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United Republic of Tanzania

  • President:John Pombe Joseph Magufuli
  • Prime Minister:Kassim Majaliwa Majaliwa
  • Capital city:Dodoma
  • Languages:Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
  • National statistics office
  • Total Population (millions):56.9 (2017)
  • GNI per Capita (US $):900.0 (2016)
  • Labor Force Participation - Total (%):78.5 (2017)
  • Sex Ratio (per 100 female):98.9 (2017)
  • Population Living Below $ 1.90 a Day (% of Population):49.1 (2011)